A dental implant is a titanium device embedded in the tooth beds of the maxilla (upper) or mandible (lower) that supports a protruding stud to which it is possible to attach a porcelain crown, dentures, or an implanted support bridge. Visit us on Sacramento Family & Implant Dentistry.
Titanium is used because it has a natural ability to promote oseointegration, which implies that it easily integrates into the body and allows the bone to grow around it and adhere to it or fuse to it, creating a very durable, stable and permanent attachment platform. Although the bone will adhere to or fuse with the titanium implant, there is no periodontal ligament in the implant that your natural teeth have, so when you chew, they will feel slightly different from your natural teeth.
Virtually all implants used today are endosseous root-form implants, which means that the implant has a “root” similar to a natural tooth. Dentists used either an implant that had a kind of ‘blade’ that was embedded in the tooth bed before these types of implants were used, or a sub-periosteal implant in which a framework was constructed to lie on the mandible or maxilla ‘s exposed bone and was attached with screws to the bone.
Dental implants are sometimes used for braces, other than for crowns or bridges, as they can be used as anchorage for orthodontic tooth movement. For dental implants, the ADA does not have a specialty title or certification.
Implants for Surgery
Implant surgery may be performed as an outpatient by trained and certified clinicians, including general dentists, endodontists, oral surgeons, periodontitis, and prosthodontics, under general anaesthesia, oral conscious sedation, nitrous oxide sedation, intravenous sedation or under local anaesthesia.
Your dentist will use x-ray information before implant surgery to “map” the way they drill the bone to ensure that no vital nerves are damaged during the procedure. Once the implant has been placed, before the crown is placed, the surgery site will generally need to be allowed to heal.
Sometimes an implant is placed at the same time as an extraction to minimise the drilling needed to place the implant, and sometimes the crown can be placed at the same time when an implant is placed in this way, reducing the need for more office visits. For this procedure, healing time can take from two to six months. Talk to your dentist about implants and if this procedure is right for you, this is only a very short overview of this procedure. Your dentist will fully explain to you the procedure.